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Food that has passed the best before, and sell-by date, and even some food that passed the use-by date is still edible at the time of disposal, but stores have widely varying policies to handle the excess food.
Some stores put effort into preventing access to poor or homeless people, while others work with charitable organizations to distribute food.
These guidelines and how they rate are readily available on their website. Fancy”, these are the typical ratings sought out by grocery stores when purchasing their produce.
For example, apples get graded by their size, color, wax residue, firmness, and skin appearance. Any apples with suboptimal levels of appearance are ranked as either “U. Number 1” or “Utility” and are not normally purchased for retail, as recommended by produce marketing sources, despite being safe and edible.
meat and dairy products), as contaminated products from these sources can lead to and are associated with microbiological and chemical hazards.
In 2013 the non-profit Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) performed research that they state suggests that the leading cause of food waste in America is due to uncertainty over food expiration dates, such as confusion in deciphering best before, sell-by or use-by dates.
Failure to supply agreed quantities renders farmers or processors liable to have their contracts cancelled.In low-income countries, most loss occurs during production, while in developed countries much food – about 100 kilograms (220 lb) per person per year – is wasted at the consumption stage.In the European Union, food waste was defined as "any food substance, raw or cooked, which is discarded, or intended or required to be discarded" since 1975 until 2000 when the old directive was repealed by Directive 2008/98/EC, which has no specific definition of food waste.If an apples rank highly in these categories and show close to no superficial defects, they are rated as “U. The fish industry also contributes to the annual amount of food waste because of cosmetic standards that the fish are held up to.Nearly "2.3 million tonnes of fish (are) discarded in the North Atlantic and the North Sea each year." Approximately 40 to 60 percent of "all fish caught in Europe is discarded – either because they are the wrong size or species." Addressing this, there are many campaigns focused on raising retailer and consumer awareness about food that fails to meet certain standards for appearance.